06 / 2022 – 12 / 2022
During the past decade, health literacy has received increasing attention in European public health research due to its association with health outcomes, preventive behaviors, and health care expenditures . Health literacy entails the personal, cognitive, and social skills enabling individuals to gain access to, understand, and use information to promote and maintain good health . In the context of heart failure, health literacy is crucial as the condition requires a high level of patient involvement . Patients need to know how to monitor key signs and symptoms, understand medication instructions, communicate information to health care providers, and make well informed decisions concerning their health . Regarding the growing trend for mobile health, digital health applications represent a future-oriented opportunity to support heart failure patients in the management of their health and the promotion of their health literacy [4, 5].
Recent research indicates that digital health applications targeted at managing various diseases have the potential to increase health literacy through health knowledge transfer [6,7]. There exist insights into approaches for promoting health literacy within mobile health apps in general [8, 9], and into health knowledge transfer for heart failure patients [3, 10, 11]. Nevertheless, there is a lack of evidence for the improvement of health literacy within mobile health applications for heart failure patients . Additionally, there is only limited data available from existing mobile health interventions regarding the theoretical approach in developing a health knowledge transfer concept .
Therefore, this thesis aims to develop a concept for mobile health knowledge transfer for heart failure patients within an existing digital health application. The overarching goal thereby is to improve the health literacy of heart failure patients. Applying the knowledge transfer concept to the case of the ProHerz app represents an interesting perspective for research, as the long-term impact of an increased health literacy on the health status may be investigated in future projects based on the patient’s vital parameters recorded in the app. In the final stage, the concept is implemented as a prototype and evaluated on a user group to ensure a user-centered design and high patient satisfaction.
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 Don Nutbeam. Health literacy as a public health goal: A challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies in the 21st century. Health Promotion International, 15, September 2000.
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 IQVIA Institute. The Growing Value of Digital Health: Evidence and Impact on Human Health and the Healthcare System, November 2017.
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 Kay Sundberg, Veronica Lindström, Lena-Marie Petersson, and Ann Langius-Eklöf. Supporting health literacy using an interactive app for symptom management during radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Patient Education and Counseling, 104(2):381–386, February 2021.
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 Sabine Allida, Huiyun Du, Xiaoyue Xu, Roslyn Prichard, Sungwon Chang, Louise D. Hickman, Patricia M. Davidson, and Sally C. Inglis. mHealth education interventions in heart failure. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 18(7), 2020. Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
 Nazli Bashi, Farhad Fatehi, Mina Fallah, Darren Walters, and Mohanraj Karunanithi. Self-Management Education Through mHealth: Review of Strategies and Structures. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 6(10):e10771, October 2018. Company: JMIR mHealth and uHealth Distributor: JMIR mHealth and uHealth Institution: JMIR mHealth and uHealth Label: JMIR mHealth and uHealth Publisher: JMIR Publications Inc., Toronto, Canada.